Types Of Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes Awareness

Raising awareness for Type 1 Diabetes, correcting misconceptions, & bringing unity to the type 1 community

Types of Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) – Type 1 Diabetes is an autoimmune disease that occurs when the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the insulin producing beta cells cells in the pancreas.  Beta cells normally produce insulin which is a hormone that helps move glucose into cells throughout the body, which is then used for energy.  When beta cells are destroyed as in T1D, little or no insulin is produced, and the glucose stays in the blood.  People with Type 1 Diabetes need to take insulin injections or use an insulin pump.  Insulin is not a cure.  Type 1 Diabetes cannot be prevented or cured.  T1D is a polygenic form of diabetes, meaning the risk of developing this form of diabetes is related to multiple genes.  Environmental factors may also play a role in the onset of T1D.  T1D can develop at any age and diet and exercise do not play a role in the onset of Type 1 Diabetes.  Only about 5-10% of people with diabetes have Type 1.  Type 1 Diabetes used to be called juvenile diabetes and insulin dependent diabetes but now it is only referred to as Type 1 Diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) – Type 2 Diabetes is caused by insulin resistance.  T2D is a polygenic form of diabetes.

Gestational Diabetes – Gestational diabetes is a form of diabetes that occurs only during pregnancy.

Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults (LADA, Type 1.5) – Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults, which is also referred to as LADA or Type 1.5 is a more slowly progressing variation of Type 1 Diabetes, often misdiagnosed as Type 2.

Maturity Onset Diabetes of the Young (MODY) – Maturity Onset Diabetes of the Young is a monogenic form of diabetes.

Neonatal Diabetes – Neonatal Diabetes is a monogenic form of diabetes that occurs in the first 6 months of life.