Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes Awareness
Raising awareness of diabetes problems, correcting misconceptions about diabetes, showing how to get rid of type 2 diabetes, and bringing unity to the diabetes community.
Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) is a chronic autoimmune disease in which the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the insulin producing beta cells of the pancreas. Scientists believe that genetic factors as well as environmental triggers are involved in causing T1D.About 346 million people worldwide have diabetes.
Only about 5-10% of them have type 1 diabetes, but that is still 17-35 million people. Type 1 diabetes can not be reversed or cured, there is no way to prevent it, it is not caused by eating too much sugar, diet, or exercise. People with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin injections everyday or need to use an insulin pump.
Type 1 used to be known as Juvenile Diabetes or Insulin Dependent Diabetes, but it is now only called type 1 diabetes because adults can be diagnosed with type 1 diabetes. Type 1 needs constant attention because insulin is not a cure.People with type 2 diabetes can also take insulin.
Types Of Diabetes Mellitus:
There are two major types of this diabetes and these are; Type 1 and Type 2.
What is the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes mellitus tends to be linked to an over- production of antibodies, type 2 diabetes is most often linked closely to obesity. Many studies show that there seems to be a direct link between type 2 diabetes and obesity.
Type 1 Diabetes
Is a lot more serious and can be life threatening, it is reckoned that around 10% of all diabetics in the USA suffer from type 1 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes, is preventable, whereas type 1 tends to be what people are born with and tends to be impossible to prevent.
The body starts producing antibodies and inflammatory cells by mistake that then attack the pancreas and make it incapable of producing enough insulin, this is what happens in juvenile onset diabetes mellitus and type 1 diabetes. A lot of experts believe that some people are genetically predisposed to inherit diabetes mellitus type 1, whilst others aren’t.
Parents of children whose mother or father have got type 1 diabetes seem to be more at risk of getting the disease.
It has been found that the production of an abnormal amount of antibodies that attack the pancreas in infants and kids can be triggered by viral infections like coxsackie and mumps.
It is reckoned that for every 20 percent increase over a person’s ideal body weight, there is a 200% chance of getting type diabetes. This means that overweight adults and children stand more of a chance of getting type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Being older also means that you are at risk of getting the disease, a lot of people don’t realise that that even if you aren’t overweight you can still end up with diabetes, this tends to be down to having a bad diet and/or lifestyle, so don’t be fooled into thinking that because you’re not overweight, you won’t get the disease. If you also have a family history of diabetes you may also be at a higher risk of getting it as you get older.
Signs & symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes can come on quickly can come on quickly and may include:
Sudden onset – 5-10% of all cases
Requires insulin injections or insulin pump
Pancreas makes little or no insulin
Low level of C-peptide
Cannot be prevented
Cannot be controlled through diet & exercise alone
Autoimmune disease (the body’s own immune system destroys the insulin-producing beta cells)
*The honeymoon phase refers to the period of time shortly after type 1 diabetes has been diagnosed where the pancreas is still producing insulin. This period is only temporary and varies from person to person and can last for weeks, months, or up to a year. It is rare to last longer than 1 year.*
T1 Related Books (Click on the links to purchase on Amazon)
The CalorieKing by Allan Borushek **excerpted from Think Like a Pancreas by Gary Scheiner MS, CDE, Owner/Director of Integrated Diabetes Services (www.integrateddiabetes.com)
Type 2 Diabetes – Also Known As Diabetes Mellitus Type 2.
How do you know if you have diabetes, and how do you get tested for type 2 diabetes?
There are 3 three tests mainly used for diagnosing diabetes.You may find that your doctor will need to repeat a test to confirm a diagnosis if it is found that the results are high.
Test 1 – Diabetes fast test.
This is a fasting glucose (blood sugar) test is a test where you do not eat any food (or certain types of drink) after a certain time the night before. Some blood is normally taken on the following morning before you have had anything to eat. If you get a reading of around 126 mg/dL or even higher, this could mean that you have got diabetes.
Test 2: – Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT).
A drink that contains glucose is given and your blood sugar level is tested every thirty to sixty minutes for up to three hours, this is known as an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). If your blood glucose level is 200 mg/dL or higher at the 2-hour mark, then it is possible you might have diabetes.
Test 3: – The A1c test.
The A1c test is a straightforward blood test that will show your average blood glucose levels over the last two to three months. If your A1c level is 6.5% or even higher, there is a possibility you have got diabetes.
In diabetes what is a1c? – In this section, I will explain what is A1c in diabetes type 2?
A1c, (also known as a HbA1c test, glycohemoglobin test, hemoglobin A1C test) is a blood test that is done to give information about your blood glucose levels, this is also known as blood, the test can take place over a 3 month period. The A1c blood test is used to diagnose pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Currently, the A1c test is also the main test that is used for the management of diabetes. The A1C test is also the primary test used for diabetes management.
How is the A1c test done?
Samples of blood are taken to find your average blood sugar levels for the past three months. The part of the red blood cells that carry oxygen is known as the Haemoglobin. The sugar (or glucose) attaches and binds itself with the Haemoglobin, so the A1C test is based on the amount of sugar that attaches itself to the hemoglobin.
The higher the amount of glucose (sugar) that is in your bloodstream, the more the glucose will attach itself to the hemoglobin.
So the test measures the amount of sugar that has attached itself to the hemoglobin, when done over a 3 month period, you will get an average blood sugar reading as a percentage for that period. The higher the percentage reading, the higher your blood sugar levels.
A normal A1C blood sugar level reading is below 5.7 percent.
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Type 2 Diabetes
How To Get Rid Of Type 2 Diabetes Naturally?
If you want to know how get rid of type 2 diabetes naturally, you need to become more knowledgeable about the disease itself, some of the most common questions asked are as follows.
Diabetes how to cure naturally?
The cures for type 2 diabetes are known, but few people are aware of it. If you have got type two diabetes and you don’t get a cure for diabetes, then you are at risk of the many horrible illnesses that are associated with it. Diabetes mellitus type 2 can be a long term disorder of the metabolism, it is usually characterized by insulin resistance, a high blood sugar level, and a shortage of insulin.
- Gradual onset of the disease (90-95% of all cases)
- Feeling more tired than usual.
- Going to the bathroom to urinate more often.
- Dry mouth and increased thirst.
- Feeling sick and nauseous.
- Problem with your eyesight, e.g. sudden vision changes, blurred vision
- Sores and cuts that aren’t healing, or are very slow to heal.
- Women getting recurrent vaginal infections.
- Yeast infections in men and women.
- Sudden and unexplained weight loss (or weight gain)
With weight loss, the body cannot use glucose for energy if there is a serious lack of insulin, what happens is; it starts to break down fat to use as energy.
Weight gain can happen when the person is hungry and eats an excess amount of the wrong types of food to deal with the hunger and the body’s metabolism doesn’t burn off that excess intake of food and drink.
- Kidney failure
- Poor blood flow to limbs (which could lead to amputation of limbs)
- Diabetic retinopathy which can result in you going blind
- Diabetes with foot pain
- Amputation and loss of limbs
- Risk of a stroke
- Risk of heart disease
- Loss of consciousness
- Extreme fatigue – feeling tired with a lack of energy
- Risk of infections
- Sores and cuts that won’t heal
- Frequent urination
- Increased appetite
- Faulty pancreas
- Damage to blood vessel
- Nerve damage
- Heavy labored breathing
- Fruity smelling breath
Some people who are massively obese may make the choice to have Bariatric surgery; this can help with weight loss and reduce diabetic symptoms. The main thing is; you want to avoid getting diabetes in the first place.
Rates of type 2 diabetes have exploded in many first world counties since 1960, mainly due to the obesity factor. It is reckoned that in 2015 approximately 392 million people worldwide were diagnosed with the disease when compared to around 30 million people back in 1985.
What are the main causes of type 2 diabetes?
As previously stated, type 2 diabetes is caused by a combination genetic and lifestyle and factors. Some of the factors like obesity and diet can be controlled by people, other factors such as genetics, getting older, etc. may be outside of most people’s control.
a. Bad lifestyle and diet.
Being over weight and obese are two of the major contributing factors towards getting diabetes, some other factors are; a poor diet, lack of physical exercise, stress, smoking, modern day work methods, city living, etc. these all appear to increase your chances of getting type 2 diabetes mellitus.
There are a number other health problems and medications and other things that can predispose someone to diabetes. Thiazides, statins, beta blockers, glucocorticoids, atypical antipsychotics, and statins are some of these medications. If you have previously had gestational diabetes, then you are at a much greater risk of developing type two diabetes.
Some of the other health problems that are linked to diabetes are: testosterone deficiency, pheochromocytoma, cushing’s syndrome, hyperthyroidism, acromegaly, and some cancers like glucagonomas. A lack of sleep has been linked to type 2 diabetes; it is believed that the main effect of lack of sleep is that it messes with your metabolism, so you need to get good quality sleep.
High risk groups:
You seem to be more at risk if you belong to any of the following ethnic groups – Asian American , Pacific islander, Native American , African American, Caribbean, Latino. You are also more at risk if you have a family history of diabetes.
Prevention of diabetes mellitus type 2.
The disease can be delayed, prevented, and even reversed through doing regular exercise and by having a diet that is healthy and full of nutrients. Just by doing these 2 things alone, you can reduce the risk of getting it by at least half. It is reckoned that you can reduce the risk of getting diabetes by doing high levels of exercise by as much as 28%.
The benefits of exercise are as follows:
- Weight and fat loss.
- More energy.
If you do these two lifestyle changes and make them your long term goal, studies have shown that you can decrease the risk by around 28%.
Diabetes in children – Child diabetes.
The rate of increase every year of type 1 is by about 1.8 percent, and type 2 by about 4.8 percent. It is now very worrying that young people who develop diabetes will probably face challenges to their health throughout their life. Early diagnosis to recognize the symptoms and signs will enable a better outcome and prospects for the long term.
Type 1 diabetes in children.
In type 1 diabetes the most common symptoms among children and adolescents are:
- Feeling irritable
- Having a fruity smell on their breath
Some children may also experience blurred vision and some girls may develop a yeast infection.
Diabetes U.K. ask people to be on the lookout for the “4 Ts” in children:
Toilet: Having to use the bathroom frequently, bed wetting by a child that was previously OK, infants having heavier nappies than usual, or bed wetting from a previously dry child.
Thirsty: An increase in urination and feeling thirsty.
Tired:Feeling tired and fatigued.
Thinner:Weight loss – Feeling hungry, this is a common symptom pre-diagnosis.
The treatment of type 1 diabetes involves a lifelong use of insulin blood sugar monitoring. Management is done in conjunction with diet and exercise so that blood sugar levels are kept within the target range.
Some more facts on diabetes in children.
Type 1 and type 2 diabetes are on the increase amongst young people in the United States (and worldwide). Type 1 and type 2 diabetes are different conditions, but they both involve issues and problems with insulin, or insulin production. Some of the symptoms are common to both types of diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes symptoms in children (juvenile diabetes) often develop rapidly over a period of a few weeks. Type one occurs when the pancreas is unable to produce insulin. Since insulin isn’t present, sugar cannot get from the blood into the cells and the result is high blood sugar levels, this is very dangerous unless it is treated.
Generally speaking, type 2 diabetes symptoms comes on over a longer period. If type 1 diabetes is not spotted early in a child’s life, the child can develop what’s known as diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) – A build up of these chemicals causes the body then becomes acidic. An early diagnosis and proper management of diabetes can prevent diabetic ketoacidosis, but this is not always possible.
Kidney and eye disease are two of the complications of uncontrolled type 2. The outcomes for children with type 1 and type 2 diabetes are greatly improved with early detection. In far too many cases, a child with type 1 diabetes will not be diagnosed until they are very ill, and in some really tragic cases, the delay in diagnosis has been fatal.
Parents need to recognise that if a child suddenly starts feeling tired, thirstier, or wants to urinate more than usual, they should consider that there is a possibility that their child is developing diabetes. The prospects and outcomes for children with type one and type two diabetes will be greatly improved if the disease is detected early. Some children may only have one or two of the 4 main symptoms whilst other children will show no symptoms at all.
Doctors need to be careful aswell because since diabetes is much less common among very young children, they may believe that the child may have one of the more common childhood illnesses. This is why it is so important to be aware of the diabetes signs and symptoms of so that the disease can be diagnosed and treated at the earliest. It is so important because a delay of a few hours can be the difference between a child’s diagnosis being early enough, or being diagnosed too late.
Type 2 diabetes in children.
Type 2 diabetes is not as common in young children, but it can occur when insulin doesn’t work properly, this then leads to less insulin being produce. As a result of this problem, glucose accumulates in the bloodstream leading to high blood sugar levels; this problem may go undiagnosed for months or years. When compared with adults, the progression of diabetes seems to be a lot faster amongst younger people if they have got uncontrolled type 2 diabetes.
Other symptoms of type 2 diabetes in children are:
- Going to the toilet to urinate more often, especially at night time
- Feeling more thirsty
- Feeling more tiredness
- Unexplained loss in weight
- Itching around the genitals, possibly caused by a yeast infection
- The slow healing of wounds and cuts
- The eye lens becomes dry resulting in blurred vision
There may be other signs of insulin resistance, which manifests itself as dark, velvety looking patches of skin, known as acanthosis nigricans Girls may end up with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Parents need to take their child to their local doctor immediately if they notice any of the above symptoms.
What can children do?
Encourage and educate the child from a young age to make healthy choices, this will help to reduce the risk of becoming obese and then getting type 2 diabetes.
Prevention of diabetes in children.
Diabetes how to manage?
There are some basic principles and all you need to do is to follow the rules. If you are taking insulin or any other diabetes related other medications, you should visit your doctor to discuss the dosages of medication you are taking because these may need to be adjusted accordingly.
Diabetes and fats.
You should replace that unhealthy snack with something that is more satisfying and contains healthy fat. This type of fat will make you feel fuller until you have your next meal and is a good tip to help you stop snacking between meals. If you take away the healthy fats, you won’t feel full.
Good source of fats are cottage cheese, advocado pears, etc. As with everything in life, don’t overdo the high fat in your meals otherwise you could end up clogging up your arteries. Do not snack between meals and stop eating bad fats. What are bad fats?Bad fats are trans fats like margarine (and even butter).
If you come across any product labels that have the words “hydrogenated” or “partially hydrogenated” as part of the ingredients, don’t buy them. Other fats that are deemed to be bad come from animals. Most plant-based oils like olive oil can be safely consumed in small amounts.
Best diabetes snacks.
In the following section I will discuss some of the best diabetes foods to eat. Knowing which health snacks are the best for diabetics can be difficult. The best thing to do is to choose healthy nutrient-dense foods that are high in healthy fats, protein, and fiber. These types of foods have good nutrients that help to keep your blood glucose levels under control.
Diabetes best fruits.
The best fruit to eat are high-antioxidant fruits; these are the best options to eat for a healthy diabetes diet: Most fruit is high in antioxidants and below are some of the diabetes best fruits to eat Apples Apricots Berries Cantaloupe melons Citrus fruits Grapes Mango Pineapple Papaya Most fruit are good for a diabetic diet, but you should eat fruit in moderation, eat fruit that is low in sugar, and don’t drink fruit juice because it is full of sugar.
Some people ask about drinking diabetes juices, well the only juices that are recommended to drink are vegetable juices and these should only have small amounts of beetroot and carrots added to the juice. People with diabetes can drink alcohol but it should be avoided because there is a lot of sugar in the alcohol and this will adversely affect your blood sugar level.
Diabetes when to exercise?
You need to do more exercise, this doesn’t necessarily mean hitting the gym, a good brisk long walk or some cycling will do. When you regularly exercise your muscles it increases insulin sensitivity
Diabetes when to eat?
You should eat regular meals that are preferably low in carbs because a lot of food that you eat like; white rice, potatoes, bread, etc. converts carbohydrates into sugar and may end up increasing insulin resistance. A short fasting diet may also help to eliminate type 2 diabetes, fasting is not for everyone but it has been proven to help as part of your diabetes treatment.
The message is to increase the amount of vegetables, proteins, and good fats, especially in your dinners and lunches. By avoiding extremes, using your common sense, and doing these things every day, you will find that you will probably maintain an ideal weight for life.
People who have got diabetes should eat a healthy diet, by sticking to a healthy diet you will find that it will eventually stop your body from becoming insulin resistant. When you do all these things you will find that you lose weight and your body returns back to being healthy. It is possible to get to your ideal healthy weight within in six to twelve months (or less).
Another recommendation is to take a spoonful of apple cider vinegar before each meal. The vinegar is said to help lower your blood sugar by as much as 30%. If you don’t like cider vinegar, try eating something like pickled gherkins.
Managing the disease.
If you have got type 1 diabetes mellitus it can be a bit complicated but with a change in lifestyle and proper medical attention sufferers of type 1 diabetes are still able to lead normal lives. If you have got type 2 diabetes you stand a better chance of beating the disease than those who have got type 1.
One of the first steps for type 2 sufferers is weight management, the combination of having a good nutritionally balanced diet and getting enough exercise is so important. It will do wonders towards eventually getting rid of diabetes for good.
Medications used for diabetes.
Injecting insulin is mostly used to control the disease. Metformin 500mg tablets tend to be the first line drug that is issued to diabetes sufferers but Metformin should not be used in those with severe liver or kidney problems. Other oral medications may include: Glucagon-like peptide-1 Thiazolidinediones Sulfonylureas Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors SGLT2 inhibitors Vitamin D supplements may help insulin resistance.
Weight loss surgery is sometimes used as a last resort by type 2 diabetics who are severely obese; this can be an effective way to treat diabetes. After the weight loss surgery, many are able to maintain a normal blood sugar level with very little or no medication.
As with all surgery, there is a risk to health. Surgery as an option is only tends to be a consideration by obese people who are at their wits end and whose health is at a dangerous level, it also tends to be used by those who find it very difficult to get both their blood sugar and weight and under control.
Don’t let type 2 diabetes ruin your life or your loved ones, please take a look at the top 10 diabetes products on this page and change your life for good Thanks for taking time to read this article. Good luck DISCLAIMER: This article is for educational and information purposes only. Always consult your doctor or medical practitioner first if you are having health issues or health problems.