Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) is a chronic autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system attacks and destroys the insulin producing beta cells of the pancreas. Scientists believe that genetic factors as well as environmental triggers are involved in causing T1D.
About 346 million people worldwide have diabetes. Only about 5-10% of them have Type 1 Diabetes, but that is still 17-35 million people. Type 1 Diabetes can not be reversed or cured, there is no way to prevent it, it is not caused by eating too much sugar, diet, or exercise. People with Type 1 Diabetes need to take insulin injections everyday or need to use an insulin pump. Type 1 Diabetes used to be known as Juvenile Diabetes or Insulin Dependent Diabetes. It is now only called Type 1 Diabetes because adults can be diagnosed with Type 1 Diabetes and sometimes people with Type 2 Diabetes take insulin. Type 1 Diabetes needs constant attention. Insulin is not a cure.
What is the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes?
| Type 1 Diabetes|| Type 2 Diabetes |
|Sudden Onset||Gradual Onset|
|5-10% of all cases||90-95% of all cases|
|Requires Insulin Injections or Insulin Pump||Possible Insulin Injections, Insulin Pump, or oral medications|
|Pancreas makes little or no insulin (after the honeymoon phase)*||Pancreas does make insulin, someone with T2 has insulin resistance|
|Low level of C-peptide||Normal or high level of C-peptide|
|Can not be prevented||Can possibly be prevented in some people|
|Can not be controlled through diet & exercise alone||Can possibly be controlled (not cured) through diet & exercise|
|Autoimmune disease (the body's own immune system destroys the insulin-producing beta cells)||Non Autoimmune disease (T2D is caused by insulin resistance)|
|No Cure||No cure|
*The honeymoon phase refers to the period of time shortly after type 1 diabetes has been diagnosed where the pancreas is still producing insulin. This period is only temporary and varies from person to person and can last for weeks, months, or up to a year. It is rare to last longer than 1 year.
Some people with Type 2 Diabetes may take insulin but that does not mean their Type 2 Diabetes turned into Type 1 Diabetes. The type of diabetes someone has is defined by what caused it, not how it is treated.**
Signs & symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes can come on quickly can come on quickly and may include..
Sudden vision changes
Fruity smelling breath
Heavy, labored breathing
The Faces of Type 1 Diabetes
Dextrose brings up blood sugar very fast. Here is a list of candy made with dextrose. Click on the name to be taken directly to tho the nutritional information.
|Airheads Bars Original Smarties SweeTARTS Roll Runts Bottle Caps Nerds Spree|
T1 Related Books
(Click on the title to purchase it on Amazon)
**excerpted from Think Like a Pancreas by Gary Scheiner MS, CDE, Owner/Director of Integrated Diabetes Services (www.integrateddiabetes.com)